Substructure – Normally a deck is a layered structure. Work with great care, making sure you take accurate measurements and place the beams and joists symmetrically. Building a Ground-Level Deck. [3] As you can easily notice, building a deck on the ground is easy if you lay out the structure properly, level the beams with a spirit level and use quality materials. Start by running a mason’s line parallel to the house first. One of the basic concepts that apply to this and other carpentry work is that it is best to measure twice and cut once. How to build a basic, ground-level deck A simple deck at ground level is a straightforward project – a perfect starting point if you're new to carpentry. Therefore, we recommend you to pour the footings on each corner and consider adding at least one more, on two sides of the deck. Work with great care and attention, if you want to obtain a professional result. That's true whether you're trying to repair an old deck or build one from scratch. It's a part of an overall problem with the grading of the soil behind his house. With the perimeter of the support structure in place, attach the inner beams by making use of joist hangers. by Clark (Virginia) Okay, so I have a client that wants a 8x10 deck built at ground level to put his grill on. Then run perpendicular lines to complete the perimeter, crossing the mason’s line at the corners. Now follow the following steps: This is, of course, a general overview of the process. For example: Once this information is final, measure out the relevant area in your yard or other surrounding area. Bring your porch to life. See our How to Design a Deck Easy As guide & video, this will take you through the process step by step.. Move on to the surface of the actual deck by attaching the first plank of decking. The structure will be quicker to build than elevated decks, require less preparation and support and over the course of the project be a lot more economical. Apply several coats of varnish, to protect the wood against water damage or decay. Placing concrete deck blocks about every 3-5′. In addition, you will need to double-check the various measurements and lengths that apply to your planned deck size. Problem is, the ground tends to pool water whenever it rains. Building your timber deck close to or right atop ground level offers a number of attractive advantages. It's just a natural low spot. The blocks should be spaced to make a 7' x 19' rectangle, leaving about 6 inches from each block for deck boards to add another 8' x 20' rectangle. In order to build a deck on the ground, you need the following: Materials. Don’t forget to add a wooden shim if the anchor is wider than the width of the two beams added. }); off the ground, you’ll need a building permit and railings. Tube forms; 4” and 6” long nails / screws; Adjustable post anchors; 2×6 joists; Cement, sand, gravel . aax_getad_mpb({ While it may seem that it is not that difficult to figure out how to build a deck on the ground, remember that you need to plan it well in advance, in order to avoid the need for time consuming fixes after the fact. CERTAIN CONTENT THAT APPEARS COMES FROM AMAZON SERVICES LLC. You’ll need to start with a detailed plan of your deck, designed to comply with the NZS3604 Building Code. Start by building your outer frame, using AC2 pressure treated lumber. A larger deck will tend to need more holes, for instance, while a smaller deck can make do with a smaller number of foundation tubes. If the spirit level indicates the ground is uneven, level it out with extra soil or compact the soil to flatten it out. Set the four corners for the deck. Continue to add planking from there using the same fastening method. Measure and mark the deck board at the desired length, using a T-square to mark an accurate line across the deck board. Building a ten foot by ten foot deck is a job which can be accomplished in a day. However, most concrete deck blocks can only hold 4x4 posts, not 6x6s and they have no lateral strength at the base of the post. Also, if the deck will be connecting to another structure, you will need to check for the applicable rules regarding that type of setup. Step 4: Plan the Foundation and Leveling Dig 15” holes with a posthole digger, pour a 3-4” layer of gravel and install the tube forms. You will need to check if there are any regulations in your jurisdiction that apply when it comes to determining how to build a deck on the ground. Generally speaking, wooden decks are a great addition to any house or garden, as they create a multi-functional space, where you can take dinner, spend time with your family and friends or read a book while enjoying the fresh air. Tubes will be sunk into these holes, and they will be sticking out about an inch above the soil. In colder climates, you cannot build a "floating" deck, but must build it on anchor posts that are cemented deep enough in the ground to avoid any ground upheaval (surface swelling and adjusting that occurs … AC2 pressure treated lumber is rated for ground contact and you definitely want that in this application. //. This will complete the support structure below the deck’s planking. Some building codes require that when you build a deck, the support posts be sunk to a depth below the frost line. The tubes will have diameters of 8 inches. Larger bearers are supported on posts or stirrups – the footings. While the concrete is still soft, set anchor bolts in the middle of each tube. Don’t forget that you have to use a tape measure, in order to place the joists equally spaced (every 16” on center). Have you considered adding a deck to your outdoor space? 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