[89] The telling of these myths are a reminder of the Hindu belief that good ultimately triumphs over evil. MALAYSIANSKINI | Since it first kicked off in May 2015, the Malaysianskini feature segment has undergone a number of changes.. [136] According to Handelman and Shulman, as quoted by Pintchman, this legend is a Hindu metaphor for the cosmic process for creation and dissolution of the world through the masculine destructive power, as represented by Shiva, and the feminine procreative power, represented by Parvati, where twelve reflects the number of months in the cyclic year, while thirty are the number of days in its lunisolar month. The Swedish birthday cake is made like a pound cake that is often topped with marzipan and decorated with the national flag. One particular firework called anar (fountain) has been found to be responsible for 65% of such injuries, with adults being the typical victims. [113] The term "Dhan" for this day also alludes to the Ayurvedic icon Dhanvantari, the god of health and healing, who is believed to have emerged from the "churning of cosmic ocean" on the same day as Lakshmi. [11][12][13][14] The festival is widely associated with Lakshmi, goddess of prosperity, with many other regional traditions connecting the holiday to Sita and Rama, Vishnu, Krishna, Yama, Yami, Durga, Kali, Hanuman, Ganesha, Kubera, Dhanvantari, or Vishvakarman. Diwali (English: / d ɪ ˈ w ɑː l iː /; Deepavali (IAST: dīpāvali) or Divali) is a festival of lights and one of the major festivals celebrated by Hindus, Jains and Sikhs. Monier Monier Williams (2008 updated, Harvard University), Sanskrit English dictionary, दीप. In 2013, about ₹25 billion (US$350 million) of fireworks were sold to merchants for the Diwali season, an equivalent retail value of about ₹50 billion (US$700 million) according to The Times of India. Download free books in PDF format. [136], This day ritually celebrates the bond between the wife and husband,[139] and in some Hindu communities, husbands will celebrate this with gifts to their wives. According to McDermott, while the Durga Puja is the largest Bengali festival and it can be traced to the 16th-century or earlier, the start of Kali puja tradition on Diwali is traceable to no earlier than about the mid-18th-century during the reign of Raja Krishnacandra Ray. Birthday cake with 'Happy Birthday Mum' message. [155][156] According to Rao, Diwali is one of the major festivals where rural Indians spend a significant portion of their annual income, and is a means for them to renew their relationships and social networks. We have already covered some tips on which language you could choose. [157] Other goods that are bought in substantial quantities during Diwali include confectionery and fireworks. [166][167] Since 2009, Diwali has been celebrated every year at 10 Downing Street, the residence of the British Prime Minister. Last update: May 24, 2018. Hangul is the native language for Koreans, so here I am writing down the Happy Birthday … Happy birthday on russian language - hand-written text, typography, calligraphy, lettering. It is well preserved on the north wall of the second. [147], During the season of Diwali, numerous rural townships and villages host melas,[148] or fairs, where local producers and artisans trade produce and goods. ), CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Birthday Cakes: History & Recipes - Online article with an extensive bibliography", "Blowing Out Birthday Candles Increases Cake Bacteria by 1,400 Percent: But it's okay, really! ", "Blowing out birthday candles increases bacteria on cake by 1,400%, study reveals", "Blowing Out Birthday Candles Could Ruin the Cake", "Bacterial Transfer Associated with Blowing Out Candles on a Birthday Cake", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Birthday_cake&oldid=1001820771, Articles needing additional references from June 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, In 1746, a large birthday festival was held for Count, This page was last edited on 21 January 2021, at 14:31. The English-Language Happy Birthday Song . You are the best! [179], Scholars have stated that many factors contribute to the poor air quality in Delhi, and northern India, that accompanies the harvest festival of Diwali. [40], The artisan Hindu and Sikh community celebrates the fourth day as the Vishwakarma puja day. 10,000 on this Diwali: ASSOCHAM survey, "Festival of Lights: All You Need to Know About Diwali", "NextFins Celebrates Diwali With the Launch of INDF", "Prince Charles, Camilla celebrate Diwali in UK", "Their Royal Highnesses The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall Celebrate Diwali at BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, London", "Brown celebrates Diwali at 10, Downing Street, in a 'historic' first", "Pakistan parliament adopts resolution for Holi, Diwali, Easter holidays", "Muslim-majority Pakistan set to declare Holi, Diwali and Easter as public holidays", "Muslims join Hindus in Diwali celebrations in Pakistan's Peshawar", Location wise daily Ambient Air Quality of Delhi for the year 2015, Want govt to build 1600 km green wall along Aravalli, "India's courts take the fun out of a Hindu holiday", "Agricultural Burning and Air Quality over Northern India: A Synergistic Analysis using NASA's A-train Satellite Data and Ground Measurements", "Burns in the developing world and burn disasters", The Ancient Origins of Diwali, India’s Biggest Holiday, For More About deepavali from Karnataka Tourism Department, Yang di-Pertua Negeri Sembilan's Birthday, Anniversary of Installation of the Sultan of Terengganu, Declaration of Malacca City as Historical City, Declaration of George Town as World Heritage Site, Annunciation of the Virgin Mary / Annunciation of the Theotokos, Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust, Emancipation Day in the U.S. Virgin Islands, Fast in Honor of the Holy Mother of Lord Jesus, Feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Nativity of Mary / Nativity of the Theotokos, Italian-American Heritage and Culture Month, Virgin Islands–Puerto Rico Friendship Day, Presentation of the Theotokos to the Temple, Urus Mubarak of Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Diwali&oldid=999694302, Articles containing Assamese-language text, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Articles containing Gujarati-language text, Articles containing Kannada-language text, Articles containing Konkani (individual language)-language text, Articles containing Maithili-language text, Articles containing Malayalam-language text, Articles containing Marathi-language text, Articles containing Punjabi-language text, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles which use infobox templates with no data rows, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 13:33. Variations include cupcakes, cake pops, pastries, and tarts. What a year! [15] During Diwali, people wear their finest clothes, illuminate the interior and exterior of their homes with diyas and rangoli, perform worship ceremonies of Lakshmi, the goddess of prosperity and wealth,[note 1] light fireworks, and partake in family feasts, where mithai (sweets) and gifts are shared. Variations include cupcakes, cake pops, pastries, and tarts.The cake is often decorated with birthday wishes ("Happy birthday") and the celebrant's name. According to Pintchman, the start of the 5-day Diwali festival is stated in some popular contemporary sources as the day Goddess Lakshmi was born from Samudra manthan, the churning of the cosmic ocean of milk by the Devas (gods) and the Asuras (demons) – a Vedic legend that is also found in several Puranas such as the Padma Purana, while the night of Diwali is when Lakshmi chose and wed Vishnu. The birthday person is organising a party and all of the guests bring a present. These candles were required to be blown out, individually, by the person who is being celebrated. [91] Chhoti Diwali is also a day for visiting friends, business associates and relatives, and exchanging gifts. To represent a sharing of joy and a sense of togetherness, the cake is shared amongst all the guests attending the party. [178] The tradition of annual Diwali fireworks has caused widespread coverage in Indian media, where debate has centred on air quality within Indian cities in autumn and winter and the role the fireworks play. Came across these strange products at the flea market in Serikin, Sarawak, Borneo. Part 1: How to Wish Happy Birthday in Russian + Various Greetings. Some Muslims joined the Hindu community in celebrating Diwali in the Mughal era. Rather than serving one large pastry, each guest is served their own small shou bao. Major temples and homes are decorated with lights, festive foods shared with all, friends and relatives remembered and visited with gifts. In the UK, North America and Australia, the number of candles is equal to the age of the individual whose birthday it is, sometimes with one extra for luck. Nepali language tutorial. The diyas (lamps) are mentioned in Skanda Kishore Purana as symbolising parts of the sun, describing it as the cosmic giver of light and energy to all life and which seasonally transitions in the Hindu calendar month of Kartik. Other contributors to the poor air quality include daily vehicular and industrial activity along with the burning of other biomass. happy birthday in many languages stock illustrations. Prepare to speak confidently with the best online tutors. [130][132] At dusk, lamps placed earlier in the inside and outside of the home are lit up to welcome Lakshmi. A birthday cake is a cake eaten as part of a birthday celebration. ... Arabic language level testing. The day also marks a major shopping day to purchase new utensils, home equipment, jewellery, firecrackers, and other items. This legend is remembered through the ritual of building small mountain-like miniatures from cow dung. [164][note 16], Many governments encourage or sponsor Diwali-related festivities in their territories. [62][63][note 4][note 5], Publications from the British colonial era also made mention of Diwali, such as the note on Hindu festivals published in 1799 by Sir William Jones, a philologist known for his early observations on Sanskrit and Indo-European languages. [23] [note 13] The looms, tools of trade, machines and workplaces are cleaned and prayers offered to these livelihood means. [8], A reference to the tradition of blowing out the candles was documented in Switzerland in 1881. Part of the inscription, as translated by Kielhorn, reads: "the auspicious festival of lights which disperses the most profound darkness, which in former days was celebrated by the kings Ila, Kartavirya and Sagara, (...) as Sakra (Indra) is of the gods, the universal monarch who knows the duties by the three Vedas, afterwards celebrated here at Ranga for Vishnu, resplendent with Lakshmi resting on his radiant lap. Happy Birthday in Different Languages: A birthday is a perfect day to take the opportunity to spread your love and cheer for your loved ones. Birthday cakes became accessible to the lower class as a result of the industrial revolution and the spread of more materials and goods. OMG not in a flea market !! 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