The last Ice Age was 10,000 BC and people saw the green ground below them and the plants that could be grown there. Characteristics of Agricultural Societies. ... Urbanization led to the expansion of trade and infusion of culture into the myriad of agricultural cities. They predict increased levels of education and training, … V. Vujacic, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001. Use of plough increases the productivity of the land. Agricultural societies use technological advances to cultivate crops (especially grains like wheat, rice, corn, ... Sociologists speculate about the characteristics of postindustrial society in the near future. Hunting & Gathering (Characteristics) 9. While the times preclude meeting in person at the annual conference, we can help you connect with the society. ... Sociologists speculate about the characteristics of postindustrial society in the near future. Missing the opportunity to catch up with AHS colleagues? Based on the invention of the plough around 3000B.C., the agrarian revolution marked its beginning. Industrial society is associated with the emergence of industrialization which transformed much of Europe and United States by replacing essentially agriculture based societies with industrial societies based on the use of machines and non-animal sources of energy to produce finished goods. All of the following are characteristics of an agricultural society except: Rely on mechanized production Extensive division of labor based on expertise Increased material wealth Wage labor replaces feudal system; high inequality between owners and laborers Population concentrates in cities This distinguishes it from the hunter-gatherer society, which produces none of its own food, and the horticultural society, which produces food in small gardens rather than fields. The Main Characteristics of Agrarian Societies . Agricultural revolution, gradual transformation of the traditional agricultural system that began in Britain in the 18th century. An agrarian society focuses its economy primarily on agriculture and the cultivation of large fields. Humans began to grow their own food at the end of the Ice Ages as the final ice melted and soil now became visible to them. An agrarian society, or agricultural society, is any community whose economy is based on producing and maintaining crops and farmland. The Advantages of an Agricultural Society. They have been the most common form of socio-economic organization for most of recorded human history. A note from the Society’s executive secretary, Joe Anderson, on Agricultural History Back Issues! 3.2 Ernst Gellner. Back issues of the journal from 2016 to present are available for purchase. ... Introduction An agricultural society focuses on mode of production primarily on agriculture and production of large fields. 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